As a result of the two poverty reduction strategies (PRSs) implemented in Tajikistan, poverty, both relative and absolute (or extreme), tends to decrease consistently. From the start of implementation of the first PRS to date, the relative poverty has declined from 83.4 to 38.0% according to the last PRS progress report. This means that during this period, poverty was reduced by 2.3% per year on average. The extreme poverty ($1.08 PP per day) is currently at 15.0%, with an annual 3.2% decline on average, i.e. much higher than the overall poverty decline.
Poverty rates are generally higher in rural than in urban areas, but even so rural areas have a rapid decline in extreme poverty. This shows that economic growth in the country was directed towards poverty reduction. In general, until 2009, the high rate of economic growth was the first factor among the poverty reduction factors, with the remittances of migrant workers as the second factor.
Nevertheless, the decline in household income caused by the global financial crisis may suspend this downward trend in poverty reduction. Due to the economic downturn of 2008 – 2009, economic growth has been sluggish, and absolute volume of foreign remittances of migrant workers decreased.